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An Overview of the Healthy Childhood Sexual Development

Authors
Adapted Louise P Aucamp (See resource list)
Social worker in private practice
Email: louise@factnetwork.co.za
Abstract:
Parents and professionals are often knowledgeable about the different developmental phases of their child, but when it comes to normal sexual development, they tend to avoid the reality of this phase of development. Understanding the normal sexual development of children aids parents and professionals not only in facilitating the development of a healthy sexual identity with children, but also in identifying high risk or concerning sexual behavior. This article provides an overview of normal sexual developmental behavior as well as sexual behavior during childhood that raises a concern.

The Truth About Forensic Assessments and Sound Forensic Practice

Authors
Louise P Aucamp (See resource list)
Social worker in private practice
Email: louise@factnetwork.co.za
Abstract:
Forensic assessments in cases of alleged sexual abuse is a specialized field of work for which few private practitioners, nor those working at welfare organizations, are equipped. Parents and significant adults in children’s lives are often under the misconception that any therapist, social worker and/or psychologist can do these type of assessments – which jeopardize successful prosecution and results in re-assessment of children and secondary trauma for both the child and parents involved. This document will provide you with a brief overview of forensic practice and highlight some important questions you might never have thought of asking.

Introduction:
Forensic assessments in cases of alleged sexual abuse is a specialized field of work for which few private practitioners, nor those working at welfare organizations, are equipped. Parents and significant adults in children’s lives are often under the misconception that any therapist, social worker and/or psychologist can do these type of assessments – which jeopardize successful prosecution and results in re-assessment of children and secondary trauma for both the child and parents involved.

A Critical Analysis of Legislation Pertaining to the Sexual Abuse of Children

Authors
Louise P Aucamp
Social worker in private practice
Email: louise@factnetwork.co.za

Marie M Steyn
Division Social Work, Potchefstroom Campus of the North-West University, Potchefstroom
Email: Marie.Steyn@nwu.ac.za


smé van Rensburg
Division Psychology, Potchefstroom Campus of the North-West University, Potchefstroom
Email: esmé.vanrensburg@nwu.ac.za
Abstract:
Knowledge of legislation pertaining to sexual abuse is imperative for health care professionals working with the child who has been sexually abused. This article will provide a critical analysis of those aspects of the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act, 32 of 2007, relevant to the health care professional. The shortcomings of the Act and the practical implication of these for healthcare professionals will be highlighted. Focus is also placed on the relevant sections of the Childcare Act, 38 of 2005 and how these sections complement the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act, 32 of 2007.

Introduction:
The phenomenon of sexual abuse is one that helping professions are faced with on an increasing basis. In order to address this phenomenon effectively in practice – whether in assessment, evaluation, intervention planning or therapy – it is of the utmost importance that professionals are aware of current legislation pertaining to sexual abuse of children and the practical implication of legislation. When professionals are without knowledge of relevant legislation pertaining to cases of alleged sexual abuse, intervention is often planned without taking relevant legal aspects into account, with the result that interventions fail to meet legal requirements and prerequisites.

Redefining Child Sexual Abuse: From a Legal to a Psychosocial Perspective

Authors
Louise P Aucamp
Social worker in private practice
Email: louise@factnetwork.co.za

Marie M Steyn
Division Social Work, Potchefstroom Campus of the North-West University, Potchefstroom
Email: Marie.Steyn@nwu.ac.za


smé van Rensburg
Division Psychology, Potchefstroom Campus of the North-West University, Potchefstroom
Email: esmé.vanrensburg@nwu.ac.za
Abstract:
In order to effectively help traumatised children to achieve positive outcomes, one must have a clearly defined methodology, underpinned by theory and based on an integrated approach. The first step towards this is clearly to redefine the phenomenon of the sexual abuse of children. As sexual abuse is both a legal and a psychosocial phenomenon, the authors are of the opinion that the South African context necessitates a more integrative definition. The information in this article is therefore aimed at providing health care professionals with an integrative definition that takes into account both the South African legal definition of sexual abuse and the underlying psychosocial factors with which it is associated.

Introduction:
The incidence of the sexual abuse of children is reaching new statistical highs in South Africa. According to a research study conducted in 2009 on the incidence of child sexual abuse in South Africa by the social welfare arm (Helpende Hand [Helping Hand]) of the trade union Solidariteit (Solidarity), an average of 60 cases of child rape per day are reported in the country (Solidariteit, 2009:1).

The Use of Anatomical Dolls

Author
Louise P Aucamp
Social worker in private practice
Email: louise@factnetwork.co.za
Abstract:
In order to effectively help traumatised children to achieve positive outcomes, one must have a clearly defined methodology, underpinned by theory and based on an integrated approach. The first step towards this is clearly to redefine the phenomenon of the sexual abuse of children. As sexual abuse is both a legal and a psychosocial phenomenon, the authors are of the opinion that the South African context necessitates a more integrative definition. The information in this article is therefore aimed at providing health care professionals with an integrative definition that takes into account both the South African legal definition of sexual abuse and the underlying psychosocial factors with which it is associated.

Introduction:
The incidence of the sexual abuse of children is reaching new statistical highs in South Africa. According to a research study conducted in 2009 on the incidence of child sexual abuse in South Africa by the social welfare arm (Helpende Hand [Helping Hand]) of the trade union Solidariteit (Solidarity), an average of 60 cases of child rape per day are reported in the country (Solidariteit, 2009:1).

The Issue of Consent

Authors
Louise P Aucamp
Social worker in private practice
Email: louise@factnetwork.co.za

Marie M Steyn
Division Social Work, Potchefstroom Campus of the North-West University, Potchefstroom
Email: Marie.Steyn@nwu.ac.za


smé van Rensburg
Division Psychology, Potchefstroom Campus of the North-West University, Potchefstroom
Email: esmé.vanrensburg@nwu.ac.za
Abstract:
The issue of obtaining consent, from both parents, is often a difficult one for private practitioners and organizations who’s focus is service delivery in the best interest of children. Therapist, social worker’s and psychologist stance is often one of wanting to help and they find it difficult when issues like consent stand in their way of fulfilling this role. In this article the issue of consent is unpacked and ethically and legally sound guidelines is offered to ensure high standard of ethical practice.

Introduction:
The issue of obtaining consent, from both parents, is often a difficult one for private practitioners and organizations who’s focus is service delivery in the best interest of children. Therapist, social workers and psychologist stance is often one of wanting to help and they find it difficult when issues like consent stand in their way of fulfilling this role. However, if we want to offer services (even if this excludes any statutory or forensic services) that meets both the legal and ethical requirements, we must in all matters concerning a child follow a transparent process.

An Ecological Perspective on the Effect of Childhood Sexual Abuse on Children

Authors
Louise P Aucamp
Social worker in private practice
Email: louise@factnetwork.co.za

Marie M Steyn
Division Social Work, Potchefstroom Campus of the North-West University, Potchefstroom
Email: Marie.Steyn@nwu.ac.za


smé van Rensburg
Division Psychology, Potchefstroom Campus of the North-West University, Potchefstroom
Email: esmé.vanrensburg@nwu.ac.za
Abstract:
Sexual abuse is a phenomenon with far-reaching effects. This article will provide a holistic look at the effects of sexual abuse from an ecological systems perspective. The effect of sexual abuse on the child as the focus of the microsystem will be highlighted, as well as the effects on the parents or the child’s caregiver as the meso system. The authors will attempt to highlight the interactive dynamics between the different systems and will explain how each system can contribute to either mitigating or exacerbating the effects of abuse on the child.

Introduction:
Over the last several decades, health care professionals have witnessed a dramatic increase in knowledge of the effect of trauma on children and adolescents. It is indisputable that sexual abuse has a multi-faceted effect on the child and his functioning (Colarusso 2010:3; Karakurt & Silver 2014:80; McFarlane & Yehuda 2007:157; Van der Kolk & MacFarlane 2007:15-16). Although there is agreement amongst authors when it comes to the effect of sexual abuse on the child, most of them list possible symptoms of sexual abuse when referring to this effect. However, practitioners fall short when they know only the “signs or indications” associated with sexual abuse, and lack understanding of the underlying psychological dynamics that cause them.
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